Sunday, October 22, 2017

Discus and the causes of neural degeneration from sustained espouser to ...

and the causes of neural degeneration from sustained espouser to

you know for the past 80-years hobbyist have been lead to believe that
Nitrates, an end byproduct of the nitrogen cycle, is harmless to fish and only
becomes a problem if Nitrates exceeds 80-100ppm.Hobbyist are more worried about
high levels of Nitrates not because of the fish being bothered by it but the
introduction of cyanobacteria and algae’s.  However, through my research this cannot be further from the
truth, and just because a fish show no outward sighs of stress like they do
with that of ammonia poisoning or too high of Nitrites, prolong exposure too
Nitrates and even at low levels does do damage.

is one example: A long time ago I had a Goldfish the got caught in my skimmer
and was severally beaten up to the point that euthanizing the fish would have
been the humane thing to do. But instead, I placed the fish back into the
Anoxic-filtering pond to see if it would recover. Well it did, and within
3-month the fish look as though nothing had happen to it. This got me thinking
why did this fish survive such a traumatic experience with no intervention from
me in any way, and yet why do fish, cold and tropical, seem to get parasitic
infections, fungus, fins rot and so on when they appear to be healthy other
whys. What unknown stresses are our animals experiencing that we as hobbyist
are overlooking? Why are we overlooking these stresses?

you know a fishes brain is much like that of a human brain and does contain a
hippocampus and fish do produce the hormones secretion glucocorticoids or (GCs
for short). This has been proven in Salmon fish after going up stream to spawn,
and then shortly afterwords die off. The excess amounts of glucocorticoids adrenal
hormones secretion after spawning indicates the fish has been deeply stress and
already bodily functions are shutting down and being damage from the overly abundance
of this stress hormone glucocorticoids. The shrinking of the hippocampus is a
sure sign that too much glucocorticoid is present and the fish is under great

us humans when we have insomnia, most of the time 75% is caused by stress and
the overly production of glucocorticoids, a stress released hormone in humans,
too. Yet, insomnia will not adversely affect its victim immediately but if
persistent enough it may cause other side affects such as impairing our immune
system and the shrinking of the hippocampus; memory loss.

I found is that fish under sustained exposure to Nitrates, anything over 5-ppm
produce an overabundance of the hormone glucocorticoids that cause the
degeneration in the fish. In all fish the hippocampus a neural site that is
always a spot for which glucocorticoids affect showed exacerbated neuronal
damage. This means that Nitrates are a stressor and can be a potential modulator
of the hippocampal degeneration that I was seeing in fish exposed to Nitrates
for prolong periods.

fish that were exposed to Nitrates of under 5-ppm or less showed very little to
no excessive glucocorticoids and their hippocampus was normal. As the Nitrate
levels increased along with prolong exposed the hormone glucocorticoids
increased and therefore caused neuronal damage over time. This would explain
why my Goldfish recovered over its stressful mishap after being placed in the
Anoxic filter because Nitrates were at 5-ppm or less.

experimented with the Carassius auratus capability to ward off stress,
diseases, and parasites exposed to Nitrates of less than 5-ppm and those of
long-term exposed Nitrates greater than 10-ppm going as high as 80-ppm. Those Carassius
auratus that live in low Nitrate and/or free Nitrate water, like they would in
nature, were less susceptible to the biological and chemical insults and had
lower Glucocorticoids than those Carassius auratus that lived in stressful
Nitrates laden water. The hippocampal of the later Carassius auratus showed
degeneration of the hippocampal and no damage to those fish that were exposed
to the low Nitrates. This definitely would explain why Koi show a greater sheen
to their skin in low Nitrate water than those in higher amounts of Nitrates. No
stress! The Nitrates are the cause of higher amounts of glucocorticoids that
stress the Koi unknowingly to the hobbyist.

also may explain why my Koi and others using the Anoxic Filter have Koi over
30-years old now. It may explain why my South American Bumblebee catfish,
Microsynodontis batesii in my 20-gal antique aquarium is now over 25-years old
using a plenum that keep Nitrates lower than 10-ppm with two water changes a

diabetes that doesn’t kill its victims outright but will cause secondary
problems like kidney malfunction becoming stage 4 or higher, heart disease, eye
impairment and so on. Nitrates over time increase glucocorticoids and although
not directly will kill the animal, it will eventually cause another insult to
take hold and do the job instead. Once again more research needs to be done.

Sunday, October 15, 2017

Discuses are coloring up really well now but with more “Yellow” now that...

Discuses are coloring up really well now but with more
“Yellow” now that they have settled in. This is something I did not see when I
bought them. 

Gold scale Bristlenose plecostomus & Monte Carlo now
becoming a pest plant.
you can see the Micranthemum Monte Carlo and Heminathus callitrichoides Dwarf
Baby Tears is growing just fine under my homemade LED lighting pendent; slow
but not dyeing and full of alga. 
The Monte Carlo is said to be a very easy to grow plant but if you read
the plant forums it is far from easy to grow and keeps dyeing on hobbyist and
the Dwarf Baby Tears is considered to be a very hard to grow plant, needing
lots of strong light and fertilizers. 

Saturday, October 14, 2017

Discus Fish: Can hobbyist keep them without all the water changes?

Fish, Symphysodon ( AKA: Pompadour fish): Can hobbyist keep them without all
the water changes that are deemed necessary for their well-being? You’re not
going to like the answer.

Hi Kevin,

I've been asked a question about
anoxic filtration that I'm afraid I can't answer.  The person who
asked the question has always praised water parameters produced by his
anoxic system even though he is overstocked and feeding as much as he can
for maximum growth.  His question is about whether the anoxic filtration
system can reduce pheromones, in particular, growth suppressant pheromones
associated with overcrowded ponds.  He says he has sixty biocenosis
clarification baskets for 40 koi, 20 of which are 65+
cm but he still gets good growth even though his pond isn't really
large enough for that level of stock.  I'm sure that bacteria would
break down these compounds but I can't say for sure if they would be drawn into
the baskets.

Can you shed any light on the

Best regards

Hi SID, I wrote this little article up to try and explain
to you why this Koi growth phenomenon is happening with the AFS.

pheromone |ˈferəˌmōn|

noun Zoology

A chemical substance produced and released into the
environment by an animal, especially a mammal or an insect, affecting the
behavior or physiology of others of its species.

Anoxic Filters:

It eats ammonia for breakfast. Lunch is a simple bit-size
snack of Nitrites. And for dinner it’s Phosphates, Nitrates and many other ions
that most people wouldn’t think of as real food for bacteria. This has been the
routine these pasts 30-years now for the Biocenosis Clarification Baskets
(BCB’s) inside the Anoxic Filtration System (AFS).

In that time I have reviewed and analyzed over 60
different filters ranging in price from $40 to over $45,000 in cost. Have
written over 350 articles and publications with over 250,000 words spilled on
this subject about Facultative Bacteria and the Anoxic Filter. You’d think by
now my pen would be running dry-especially if you feel, as some do, that all
pond filters are pretty much the same. If that were the case, I could have
written just one simple paper, for that very first filter I analyzed, then cut
and pasted it for all the rest of the articles I have written on the subject of
the Anoxic Filter. What was I thinking?

Of course, all pond and/or aquarium filtration systems
are not the same in their ability to clean water. One good reason for their
differences is that the filters themselves are not the same in their ability to
take ions out of the water body. Some hobbyists like to think that all filters
contain, say, a working anoxic zone and will more or less work alike, yet this
could not be further from the truth, and for the simple reason: Anoxic zones do
exist but not in significant numbers to really make an impact of the aquatic
Eco-system they are trying to clean.

One of the more fascinating facts about pond filters
and/or aquarium filters is revealed when you talk to their designers. It fair
to say that each filter are the topology du
, some filtration designers depart from this crowd in search of what
they feel is a better way.

The Anoxic Filtration Systems handles available
foodstuffs and the ponds insults progressively different and more inline with
Natural Systems and how they utilize ions in their open systems unlike our
closed systems do. Rather than using the same reconstructive filters provided
like other filters do, others, like Nexus for example, implement their own
filter medium in a churning sump. Then there’s the motionless filter medium
school of filters in which ions are passed through the stagnate medium are
converted to harmless or at lest in some conversions, to ions that are
non-toxic to our animals but are limited in this process too by making more
byproducts than we started with.

Among all these ways, are any right or wrong? It depends
on whom you ask. Objectivity is not to be found among designers, and if it
were, what a monotonous world it would be, don’t you think? As hobbyist or
anyone that wishes to clean water naturally, we want our filtration systems
designers to be passionate, searching the Holy Grail, driven by a near-mad
desire to give us the cleanest water possible and all its glory…at least that’s
what I did with the AFS.

We can look to measurements for better bacteria to
foodstuff insults. But, as we all know, measurements can’t tell us how
something is working if we can’t measure it simply and perceptively. More
important, no set of measurements can tell us how something will affect the animals
if elements are missing from those measurements.
Hobbyist test kits will only go so far in their class and
then something like pheromones, in particularly, growth suppressant pheromones
associated with overcrowded ponds comes up, that we can’t explain why they do
or do not exists in a given system. Distressingly, this short-coming also
applies, more or less, to subjective hobbyist reviews of what their ponds are
doing with a particular filtration system like the Anoxic Filter, that other
systems can’t do without serious intervention. While I do my best to
communicate to readers how something works with the AFS, all I can ever really
tell you that it works and its been working now for over 30-years.  I have written so much about fish
growth in the past years, that the AFS seems to accelerate Koi growth to the
point that even my smallish pond can grow them to 24" (60.96 cm) with no
problems.  In my pond if you have
more than two Koi you are already pushing it to its limits on fish to water
capacity. Yet, this accelerated Koi growth is noticeable with all those that
practice good husbandry with the AFS and the same results are consistently

As I age, money and time seem to be my enemies and
testing the AFS will have to be left to those that are willing to experiment
with the system and find out why these hidden secrets exist. Do they exist
because the BCB’s take in these particular growth suppressant pheromones with
other growth inhibitors or does the system trick the fish in believing that
they are not in any danger and therefore the secretion of the same are lessen
to a greater degree than with other system? But, however, with time, more and
more hobbyists are realizing the same results as the AFS becomes more popular
in the Pond and aquarium hobby.


To find out more of about the Anoxic Filtration System
click link below:

Wednesday, October 11, 2017

The Truth about Sintered and Plastic Filtering Mediums.

Sintered and Plastic Filtering Mediums.
This video is about the association of macroscopic thermodynamics substances and how it's related to the small particulate polymeric substrate size inside of a Biocenosis Clarification Baskets and that of the sintered and plastic filtering mediums.

Sunday, September 24, 2017

Thursday, September 14, 2017

You will be surprised what the TDS is using an Anoxic Filter on my pond ...

will be surprised what the TDS is using an Anoxic Filter on my pond and SCA
Aquarium. Also, a Nitrate test to show how the 3 Biocenosis Clarification
Baskets are doing.

Total dissolved solids (TDS)
is a measure of the combined content of all inorganic and organic substances
contained in a liquid in molecular, ionized or micro-granular (colloidal sol)
suspended form. Generally the operational definition is that the solids must be
small enough to survive filtration through a filter with two-micrometer (nominal
size, or smaller) pores.

“The EPA Secondary Regulations advise a
maximum contamination level (MCL) of 500mg/liter, or 500 parts per million
(ppm) for TDS. Numerous water supplies exceed this level. When TDS levels
exceed 1000mg/L it is generally considered unfit for human consumption.

A high level of TDS is an indicator of
potential concerns, and warrants further investigation. Most often, high levels
of TDS are caused by the presence of potassium, chlorides and sodium. These
ions have little or no short-term effects, but toxic ions (ArsenicChromiumManganeseNitrates and others)
may also be dissolved in the water.”